We’re 20 Questions Film, a new film blog for inquisitive minds. As filmmakers – and human beings – we believe that the quality of your work is determined by the quality of the questions you ask. If you ask the right questions, you will find the answers you seek. That’s what we’re here to do. Ask questions – for you and with you.

This is our MANIFESTO:

We love the game 20 questions. Animal, Vegetable or Mineral?

We love filmmaking and storytelling and what it makes us feel and what it teaches us.

Whenever we work on a new project, it always starts with questions. Our goal is to find the right questions.

20QuestionsFilm.com is a blog about the art, craft and business of filmmaking. We want to bring together different kinds of filmmakers who work in all the crafts and ask them questions about what they do.

We want to talk to professionals who have been in the business for years and have long resumes. But we also want to talk to the girl who is 1 year out of film school and just made her first feature film. We feel we can learn from both of these types of people.

We want to learn from their successes as well as their failures – perhaps we learn best when we see what doesn’t work.

We want to recruit a team of freelance bloggers who will create engaging content about their topic – and do it on a regular basis.

We want to hold regular contests (open to anyone) to find these freelance bloggers and reward them for their participation… we can’t pay much, but we can pay something to honor their work and show we think what they have to say is valuable.

We want to create a place where anyone who has a project can post a notice and find a crew or actors or help with production.

We want a place where you can ask a question and someone in the community will give you an answer from their personal experience.

We want to curate the best film information available on the web today and find the hidden gems that you simply ‘must’ see. We want to add our own commentary on these posts and give our opinion of them and what they mean to us as filmmakers.

We are interested in Narrative films and Documentary films, feature length and shorts, live action and animation.

We want to foster production of film and give our support and encouragement to everyone who has the guts to try.

We are Independent Filmmakers, but being independent does NOT have to mean we are alone in our quest. 20QuestionsFilm.com is our attempt to bridge that gap.

We may be experienced or we may be beginners, but that doesn’t mean we don’t have something to teach. The best way to learn is to teach what you know and then, see what questions you get back.



My goal is to create a community of active, vocal filmmakers who are on this journey together.

I’ve written two helpful e-books that you can download at no charge, just by subscribing to our newsletter.

I’ve had a good deal of success in my online and offline businesses. These two “rather lengthy” articles will show you how the lessons I learned from building businesses and making money relate to filmmaking.

Article 1 – “How To Pay For Your Film
How to get enough money to make a film without begging or losing control of your project. You can get this rather lengthy article here.

Article 2 – “How I Built An Opt-In Email List Of 50,000+ Followers” – click here to download.

You only have to opt-in once to get the articles. They are both free.

In addition to the extended articles above, I’m going to be covering the following topics on this blog as I progress through my projects.

I. Camera Gear

I’m not a gearhead. My eyes glaze over when you start talking about compression rates, codecs, 10 bit this and 8 bit that – but I know it’s important and I continue to educate myself. However, there are few non-living objects that are as sexy as a tricked out movie camera. I’m going to show you my thinking process as we pick our cameras and gear for these shoots.

  • Cameras
  • Lenses
  • Stabilization
  • Dollies and Cranes
  • Support Equipment

II. Story

This is the part I love. All the tech in the world is useless if you don’t have a compelling story to tell. I’m going to show you scripts that I’m working on and open myself up to your comments and criticism. I’m not sure how healthy this will be for my ego, but if I’m going to make this an open forum about my projects, I might as well put everything out there – warts and all.

I’ll be talking about:

  • Genre
  • Outlining
  • Script
  • Character – character arc
  • Archetypes
  • Theme
  • Outer Action vs. Inner Action
  • Starting with the end in mind

III. Directing

Directing is why I’m here. Although film is a collaborative art, it is the Director who shapes the vision.

It is the Director who determines how to cover the story and the Director who picks and communicates with the Actors. I’ve seen plenty of bad acting in movies, but when I see it, I blame the Director. She is responsible for picking the right person for the job and helping to pull the performance out of them.

If the Actor is wooden or stilted, unbelievable or uninteresting, it’s the Director’s fault – assuming that Director has veto rights on their script and cast (which is a big assumption if it’s a studio film, but not one for mine since I control the checkbook – I’ll show you how to do this too).

Most of Directing is preparation. Here are the topics I’ll be discussing:

  • Working with actors – rehearsals, exercises – improv to get subtext – video rehearsals – working with Actors who have different styles – some come from inside out and some from outside in.
  • Camera coverage – how to go beyond, master, two shots and closeup.
  • Storyboarding and Previs – when and where it’s needed
  • Using camera moves to enhance the emotional impact of a scene.
  • Mapping the shot coverage without storyboards
  • Prep vs. Spontaneity.
  • Documentary vs Narrative vs Improv

IV. Finance

This is the part that stopped me dead in my tracks and led me off in another direction, away from filmmaking, over 20 years ago. At the time, I bought into the idea that you shouldn’t EVER spend your own money on a project. I bought into the idea that you needed backers and investors and they would only work with you if you had experience or a distribution deal. I bought into the idea that even if I found a studio who wanted to make my movie and was willing to let me Direct, the likelihood of it ever getting to production was small to none.

Today, I see things very differently. First of all, I think you SHOULD spend your own money. I do NOT think you should bankrupt yourself. I think you should learn to shoot on the cheap and stay within your means.

Today, EVERYONE can afford to make a movie if they have good ideas, some elbow grease and the ability to persuade (I’ll be talking a lot about this last thing because it is a key element that is almost never discussed on film forums).

Yes, it’s possible to make a movie without spending a dime of your own money. That doesn’t mean everyone SHOULD make a movie – you need to learn your craft and find your voice – that requires some life lessons.

I also know how to raise money without begging and I’ve written about it in my free e-book, “How To Pay For Your Film” that you can download here.

The businesses that I’ve built in the past have taught me some hard lessons about what works and what doesn’t. They have taught me the kind of risks to take that won’t devastate your finances, your credit or your family. I’ll show you how to protect yourself from your own mistakes and the sue happy society we live in. I’ll teach you to manage your risks so that when you fail (which I guarantee will happen if you take any kind of focused action), you will be able to get back on the horse the next day and try it again.

To read the extended article I wrote on financing your film, click here.

Here are some of the topics I’ll be covering in the future about film funding:

  • My method for funding films
  • Crowdfunding
  • Pooling your resources – How to get competent crew with gear to trust you.
  • Hobby vs. Investment vs. Business — Avocation vs. Vocation
  • Losing money – Get prepared, it’s going to happen, but it’s not the end of the world – I know from experience.
  • Develop the attitude that “This is only a test” – I’ll teach you about what I call the snowball effect – how taking right action creates momentum – there is magic in boldness. How to learn from your failures and not be defeated by them.
  • The 1 in 10 rule… fail your way to success.
  • Your friends and family think you are a dreamer at best and irresponsible or crazy at worst. They are right, at least partially, you are a dreamer and probably downright nuts, but that is part of what it takes to become a filmmaker. How to do what you want when everyone is calling you crazy.

Oscar Wilde said, “The reasonable man adapts himself to the world; the unreasonable one persists in trying to adapt the world to himself. Therefore all progress depends on the unreasonable man.

As filmmakers, we must endeavor to be unreasonable.

V. Lighting

When I was very young, I wanted to be a cinematographer for Jacques Cousteau. The images his crews brought back filled me with wonder. The closest I ever got to the Cousteau team was back when I was working as a grip in Los Angeles. We were doing a shoot on a fishing boat in Santa Barbara and the sound guy (I don’t remember his name) and I were the only two on the crew who weren’t down below deck throwing up – seasick. We stood on the prow of the industrial fishing boat and as we looked down at the waves as we glided along, he told me about recording sound for Cousteau. Apparently, when they were doing a project on whales, those magnificent creatures would breach next to their ship, over and over again for hours and sing their songs.

Maybe that is really a story about sound recording, but for me, it was an image that has stayed with me for over 20 years and reinforced my desire to create beautiful pictures that tell powerful stories.

As we progress on my projects, I’ll be talking about:

  • Grip work
  • DIY lights on the cheap
  • On camera lights
  • Old style incandescent lighting – I’ve worked many sets as a grip or gaffer hoisting lights and rigging into the grid.
  • Metering (my love affair with spot meters and my Sekonic)
  • Color design for shots
  • Mood design and contrast ratios

VI. Cheap Special Effects

The first thing I did when I decided to do a short, effects heavy film was track down a quality composite and 3D guy who had the same vision as I and who would work inexpensively on my project because he loved the idea. I’ll show you how you can find crew members like this who will work on your projects – it’s not difficult, but there are some very important things to remember if you want to be taken seriously.

I know the basics of After Effects and some 3ds Max, but I’m a rank amateur compared to the guy I found. He has agreed to do some screen capture tutorials as we progress to show you how he’s putting the pieces together. We’ll show you before and after videos as well so you can see the pieces of the composite. We’ll show you how we prepared for the shot, how we shot it, and the pieces we used to compile the composite. We’ll also show you what we learned from the process.

Here are some of the topics we’ll be covering regarding special effects:

  • Software we are using – After Effects, 3ds Max, Fume, etc. Why we picked what we picked, what it does and how much it costs.
  • Building and paying for a greenscreen studio
  • Composite design – picking your shots and adding multiple layers to create an entirely new world. This is very cool stuff – and not just for an FX person, but for Directors too.
  • Deciding when a green screen is necessary and when a matte can be done without one.

When I was in film school, we shot and edited 16mm film. Using a Movieola or a Steenbeck with bins of clips surrounding you was the way it was done. I remember trying to hunt down tiny clips – sometimes just two frames – that were cut from an earlier version and spending hours on logging and keeping track of everything. When NLE editing programs were developed, everything changed and became a lot more fun… not to mention, way faster.

As we progress, you are going to hear about:

  • My personal dilemma between FCP and PremierPro
  • Pacing and story telling
  • Sound and music editing
  • Pre-production planning for more effective editing

VIII. Production

I’ve worked as Producer, Assistant Director and nearly every other roll in the production department including Production Assistant and Craft Service. These aren’t my favorite jobs and require a high level of organization and responsibility, but they are absolutely vital to anyone who wants to create Independent Film. This may be the most difficult job to outsource because it means your whole production comes to a halt if your lead production person doesn’t do their job.

I’m going to show you how my experience as an entrepreneur who runs multiple companies works with someone in this position. I’ll teach you how to properly define the job, set expectations accurately and find the right person to trust.

We are going to talk about production topics

  • Location vs. Studio
  • Scouting
  • Previs
  • Storyboards
  • Mapping Shots
  • Craft service – housing, meals, travel
  • Crew size

IX. Selling Your Film

I don’t have any proof of this, but I believe that in most cases, deciding what you are going to do with an Independent project before you create it is a waste of time. Sure, you want to dream and you need to know your release venue to help you decide what kind of hardware to use to make your project. A YouTube release can be substantially lower image quality than a theatrical release.

NOT starting with the end in mind is different than my normal business philosophy.

One of the biggest mistakes *entrepreneurs* make is not having an exit strategy.

They work for years or decades trying to build a business, trying to make profitable deals and trying to make a living, but they don’t know what they are going to do with the business when they want to move on to the next one – and Entrepreneurs ALWAYS want to  move on to the next one – eventually.

My observation is that Filmmakers do the opposite, they focus so much on the exit strategy, the distribution and sales, that they never get their film off the ground. They get discouraged and burned out before they expose the first frame.

Don’t worry about selling in the beginning. You’ve got to move forward and make the best possible film you can – that should be your TRUE exit strategy – a good film. Then you can worry about how to sell it – I’m going to show you some unconventional ways to make money with your project even if you don’t get Warner Brothers to pick it up. And selling it doesn’t have to be a horrible experience. I’m going to teach you ways to actually enjoy this part of the process… or at least tolerate it.

I’m also going to show you ways to market by building an audience (like I’m doing here with this website). Internet marketing is a blast and the most powerful tool I’ve ever seen for building a list of supporters. I have a list of 50,000 real estate investor emails who have all opted into my investing websites and asked me to give them more information. This constantly changing list has made me millions of dollars over the years. My plan is to build my filmmaking support group in a similar way and show you how you can do this for your own projects. By the way, I also wrote a long article on this subject titled, “How I Built An Opt-In Email List Of 50,000+ Followers” you can download it for free by clicking here.

I’ve got a lot to say about the business end of filmmaking even though it’s not the reason I came – it’s not the reason I’m doing all this. There are better financial investments than a film project, but sometimes it’s not about the money – you want to invest for a different kind of return. That’s what I’m doing and that is what most small investors do when they put their money into a movie.

Here are the ongoing topics related to selling your film that I’ll be covering as my projects progress:

  • Building an audience
  • Distribution
  • Selling your product
  • VOD – Amazon, Netflix and new opportunities that are arising daily
  • Festivals
  • Contests
  • Information products
  • How to talk – how to make deals. This is a vital part of becoming a filmmaker or entrepreneur if you want to make a living at it.
  • Legal issues

X. Sound

This is the neglected orphan child of filmmaking. They say that bad sound in a movie is worse than a bad picture – they also say what your ears hear, your eyes believe – and I agree. We are going to be exploring the art and science of audio as it directly relates to my projects.

Here are the basic topics:

  • Location and Studio Sync Recording
  • Sound Effects
  • Music
  • Software options

XI. Production Design

Here are some topics I’ll be ruminating upon:

  • Set Design
  • Locations
  • Props
  • Art Direction
  • Costume
  • Makeup & Hair – I know this doesn’t normally get lumped into this category, but I think there is a strong argument for putting it here.

XII. The Philosophy of Filmmaking

These are my principles. If you don’t like them, I have others.” Groucho Marx

I’m going to be infusing everything I discuss with my own hackneyed philosophical opinion of what it means to be a filmmaker. I’m sure many of you will disagree.

I’m excited about building this site, making my movies and writing these stories.

Why should you EVER do a project that you aren’t excited about? For the experience, NO – get experience on something you can get your heart behind.

If you want experience as a shooter or an editor or an FX creator, find a project that will display your talents and highlight your part in the project – find one that challenges you and sounds like a good time. Pick people you want to work with and quit thinking you need to suffer for your art or that you have to “pay your dues” – it’s just not true. If you love what you are doing, you will bust you butt doing the best film you are capable of and it won’t feel like work.

And if you are a writer, get excited about your story. If you’ve ever written anything before, you know that it’s easy to go through the motions and write junk down that doesn’t get your heart beating but just takes your story through another plot point. If you’ve ever written anything that you think is good, it’s probably because you came up with an idea that made you sit up with some fire in your heart. You knew it was good, you knew it was unusual, you knew it was fresh and will be sucked in by your audience.

I love watching Quentin Tarantino interviewed. He frequently talks about how ideas come to him. You can see his face light up – not just because of ego, but because he knows that the idea he just came up with was magic – powerful. I love to see that – you can’t fake that energy, it lights up a room and it is the fuel for all good stories.

I hope you will come along with me on this journey. It’s a trip I’ve waited to long to take.

Best Wishes,

Joe Crump

Please get in touch via the form below. We welcome questions, comments and article suggestions. Or if you have tips, tricks, stories or experiences to share, get in touch so we can set up an interview.




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